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Tue 13 Nov 2018
Roulette PDF Print E-mail
Online Roulette Games bring one of the easiest Vegas style casino games right to your PC. Unlike video poker or blackjack, Roulette is a game of pure luck and there is no real effective strategy to beat the game. The good news is that its one of the most exciting games and when your number hits the payouts are BIG. Our favorite online casinos for playing roulette are listed to the right.

The game of roulette is a signature French game form the 18th Century – the term is French and translates as “small wheel.” The first official book on the game was published in 1801 and the author references the game of roulette being played in Paris in 1976 at the Palais Royal. The origins of the game though can be traced back several decades earlier at least – Canadian regulations published in 1758 ban the game (Canada was known as New France at the time). The basic game of roulette has actually changed very little over the past two centuries and although technology has facilitated the modernization of the wheel, the betting pattern and rules of the game remain relatively unchanged.
 
Although the game of roulette was clearly born out of France in the 1700’s, the inspiration for the game comes from several English wheel based games that were popular at the time that roulette was established. The French game takes some of the best parts of a handful of English and Italian games; some earliest games that shaped the development of modern roulette include: Ace of Hearts, Roly-Poly, E.O, Hoca, and Biribi. Several of the English games inspiring roulette also used a wheel.

The game is pretty standard all around the world. Unlike the game of poker gambling, roulette has mostly the same components no matter which version of the game a player chooses. The two main styles of roulette gambling include both American and European roulette. The American version of the game has 38 numbered and colored pockets whereas the European version of the game has 37 pockets. Except the number of pockets, the wheel looks the same in both versions of the game. The roulette wheel has all of the numbers 1 through 37 (or 38 depending) and each number is either red or black. When the wheel is spun a small ball is then spun at the top of the wheel in the opposite direction from the spin – the winning numbers are determined when the ball falls into one of the numbered and colored pockets.

The game has its origins in European royalty and was most popular with the elite gamblers when it was first introduced. Europe has a rocky history with the gambling industry and there was a period of time where any form of gambling – roulette included, was only available at the Monte Carlo casino resort. Gambling was banned from Germany and other countries and essentially only the elite and wealthy were able to travel to the Monte Carlo to gamble. Despite this brief period of time when roulette gambling was stifled in Europe, the game has flourished in both Europe and United States. Roulette lasted as much more than a fad in the gambling industry – even today the game remains one of the most popular casino games.

Part of the popularity of roulette stems from the fact that the game does not have a huge house advantage – certainly something gamblers all over the world love. The roulette wheel features the 38 numbered pockets and just two house pockets. A roulette wheel with the two house pockets is the most traditional version of the game. The house pockets are zero and double zero – as one historical description of the game notes,

"There are exactly two slots reserved for the bank, whence it derives its sole mathematical advantage." The zero and double zero spaces are the banks numbers and if the roulette ball falls into either of these spaces the only payouts go to gamblers who have bet of either of those two numbers – the rest of the roulette board is wiped clean by the croupier and the money all goes to the house.

Another popular form of the game is single zero roulette – this version of the game was launched as a way to compete between casinos and entice more gamblers to play the game. The single zero roulette is still available in many casinos all over the world but is particularly popular in Europe. The traditional roulette wheel always remained the standard in the United States. Roulette in the United States grew out of the Mississippi River region, like most forms of gambling today.

The game underwent a few changes as it evolved into the US culture – casinos simplified the layout of the game and made the placement of the wheel on the betting table a standard of practice…this prevented cheating and made the entire process more transparent for the roulette gamblers. This style of the simplified roulette wheel is actually the international industry standard and roulette gamblers at a casino in Macau play the Americanized version of the game. The only lasting difference between American roulette and French roulette is the use of the either a single zero (the French) or the continued use of both the zero and double zero (United States).
 
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